|Full name||Heckler & Koch G3|
|Country of origin||West Germany|
|Manufacturer||Heckler & Koch|
|Faction||Griffin & Kryuger|
|Voice actor||Yoshioka Kaori|
|Released on||CN, TW, KR, EN (Gr G3), JP (Gr G3)|
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How to obtain
NORMALHEAVY Timer 2:50:00. See T-Doll Production for details.
DROP Can be obtained from many battle stages from Chapter 2-3 onward.
REWARD Not obtained as a reward
Stats / Data
The Heckler and Koch G3, or Gewehr 3, is a select-fire West German 7.62x51mm NATO battle rifle derived from the Spanish CETME rifle. Though replaced in service with the German Bundeswehr by the G36 in 1997, the G3 still serves faithfully as the standard-issue infantry rifle of Greece, Jordan, and other countries.
In 1955, the West German government formed the Bundeswehr to serve as its national defense force, and equipped them with surplus war equipment such as the American M1 Garand rifle. This was an immediate problem for two reasons. First, NATO countries were increasingly standardizing on the 7.62x51mm cartridge, and the M1 Garand was chambered in the larger .30-06 cartridge. And secondly, the M1 Garand (while a fantastic rifle at the time it was created) was outdated by the time of the Bundeswehr's creation in November of 1955, and could not compete with the AK rifles being fielded by the Soviets and their allies. Thus, West Germany was in dire need of a new, more modern infantry rifle.
This problem was initially remedied by the Belgian FN FAL, which was formally adopted as the G1 rifle. However, the G1's use by the West Germans came to an abrupt end as FN and the Belgian government refused to license the FN FAL to West German arms companies so that they could produce the rifle domestically within Germany. FN's decision was in part motivated by having been invaded by Germany twice in recent memory, and not wishing to allow them the capability of producing military equipment on their own accord. As a result, West Germany kept looking for a new service rifle that they could make inside their own country. During this scouting process, the Bundeswehr became interested in Spain and their recently developed CETME rifle. Ironically, the CETME rifle was developed by former Mauser engineers who had worked on the StG-45, and who then moved from Germany to Spain after the Second World War. Most notably, the CETME rifle utilized a roller-delayed blowback operating system that was designed to reduce recoil, as well as be reliable and rugged. Originally, the CETME rifle was chambered in 7.92x33 Kurz, which was the round used in the preceding StG-45 and StG-44 rifles. Spain was intent on selling the rifle internationally, and the CETME design found its way to Germany through way of the Dutch. However, Germany was more interested in adopting a logistically-friendly rifle that used the new standard 7.62x51mm cartridge used by most other NATO nations, so modifications were made to the CETME design to allow use of this new round. German rifle trials would see three rifles enter into the final stages of testing: the SIG 510 (G2), the revised version of the CETME rifle (G3), and the Armalite AR-10 (G4). The CETME rifle would be the design to pass the trial, and the G3 was then formally adopted by the Bundeswehr in 1959.
The G3 employs a roller-delayed blowback operating system, a system that HK became famous for and which features in several other HK designs, most famously the MP5 submachine gun. The two-piece bolt assembly consists of a main bolt body and a bolt carrier. The bolt is held in battery by two sliding cylindrical rollers that engage locking recesses in the barrel extension. The breech is opened when both rollers are compressed inward against camming surfaces driven by the rearward pressure of the expanding gases upon the bolt head. As the rollers move inward, recoil energy is transferred to the locking piece and bolt carrier, which begin to withdraw while the bolt head slowly moves rearward in relation to the bolt carrier. As the bolt carrier clears the rollers, pressure in the bore drops to a safe level, the bolt head is caught by the bolt carrier and moves to the rear as one unit. Based on the geometric relationship arising from the angles of the roller contact surfaces of the locking piece and the barrel extension recesses, the recoil of the bolt head is delayed by a ratio of 4:1 for the 7.62×51mm NATO chambering. Thus, the bolt carrier moves 4 times faster than the bolt head over the same period of time. This ratio is continued until the locking rollers have been withdrawn from the barrel extension recesses. The bolt features an anti-bounce mechanism that prevents the bolt from bouncing off the barrel's breech surface. The "bolt head locking lever" is a spring-loaded claw mounted on the bolt carrier that grabs the bolt head as the bolt carrier group goes into battery. The lever essentially ratchets into place with friction, providing enough resistance to being re-opened that the bolt carrier does not rebound. The spring-powered claw extractor is also contained inside the bolt while the lever ejector is located inside the trigger housing, where it is actuated by the recoiling bolt. The reliable functioning of roller-delayed blowback mechanisms is limited by specific ammunition and weapon parameters like bullet weight, propellant charge, barrel length, and amount of wear. For obtaining a properly functioning and safe rifle, Heckler & Koch offer a variety of locking pieces with different mass and shoulder angles to suit different ammunition. The degree of these angles are critical, and determine the unlock timing and pressure curve progression as the locking pieces act in unison with the bolt head carrier.
Initial production G3 rifles differed substantially from more recent models. Early rifles featured closed-type mechanical flip-up sights (with two apertures), a lightweight folding bipod, a stamped sheet steel handguard, and either a wooden buttstock (in fixed stock models) or a telescopic metal stock. Before delivery to the Bundeswehr, each G3 went through functional checks, a zeroing of the sight line (Anschießen), and a shooting test at the factory. The weapon was modernized during its service life, where among other minor modifications it received new sights, a different style of flash suppressor, and a synthetic handguard and shoulder stock. The G3 would serve the West German military for the next several decades, and would also be adopted by the armed forces of over 40 countries including Greece, Iran, Mexico, Norway, Portugal, and Sweden. All told, the total number of G3 rifles produced is somewhere close to 7,800,000 units. Following the reunification of Germany in the 1990's, the G3 would be replaced by the G36 as Germany's standard infantry rifle in 1997. Today, hundreds of thousands of G3 rifles in various states of modernization are maintained by the Bundeswehr for use as reserve armaments.
As one of the earliest units that players can obtain (being available all the way back during the GFL beta tests), G3 is definitely a staple unit for early-game players. Her illustrations are considered by some to be of comparable quality to some 5 star characters.
According to social media posts by G3's artist PHI, "the black units on both sides of the head are pyramid-shaped simple communication modules (they are non-detachable, so please do not attempt removal from G3: repairs will not be covered by warranty if they are broken). They are also very sensitive, so if one touches them, G3 would definitely feel it".
Gallery consisting of artworks used primarily in-game. For information on how to obtain certain costumes, see Skin Catalogue.
Alternate gallery consisting of artworks with slight alterations as well as miscellaneous artworks.
G3's MOD3 character sheet produced by artist
- During Operation Trikora (Tri Komando Rakyat) in the Western New Guinea Conflict, Rheinmetall production G3 rifles with retractable stocks were exported to Indonesia for use by Indonesian Air Force paratroopers. However, the delivery was considered a violation of the Grundgesetz (Basic Law) in the German Constitution, which stated that German weapons manufacturers were restricted from exporting their weapons into active conflict zones.
- The G3 is the direct descendant of the StG-45, the first iteration of H&K's roller-delayed blowback small arms, and the first to employ the now well-known 'H&K slap' technique for releasing the charging handle.
- The Portuguese military has held the G3 in high regard ever since its adoption during the Portuguese Colonial War of the 1960s/1970s. The rifle was known as 'the soldier's girlfriend' during the war, and as Colonel Carlos Matos Gomes recorded, the G3 was "the one with whom we slept or, in the barracks, was hung by the bandolier at the foot of the bed or at the head".
- In the EN and JP releases of Girls' Frontline, this gun's name was changed to Gr G3, likely to avoid copyright issues with HK.
- Other than G3 herself, the game has released 6 other characters derived from the G3 platform: SMG MP5MP5 , AR G41G41 ,AR HK33HK33 , RF PSG-1PSG-1 , MG HK23HK23 , and MG HK21HK21 .
- ↑ Wikipedia article on the G3 rifle
- ↑ National Interest Article on the G3
- ↑ Forgotten Weapons video on the G3
- ↑ Forgotten Weapons website entry on the StG-45
- ↑ Military Factory entry on the G3
- ↑ Forgotten Weapons video explaining the roller-delayed blowback action
- ↑ G3 design references
- ↑ G3 character sheet image retrieved from artist's pixiv
- ↑ Article on use of the G3 during the Portuguese Colonial War
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